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History-1900+

Balys Buračas —Ethnographic Photographer : Illuminating the spirit of Lithuania

by Stanislovas Žvirgždas. Balys Buračas (1897-1972) was a photographer who created a vast archive of visual memory of Lithuanian villages and ethnic culture. He was a chronicler, saving the remnants of a life that was fast disappearing from people’s memories. Many post-war Lithuanian art photographers have long acknowledged that they grew ...

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Jonas Buračas

by Simona Makselienė.   Jonas Buračas was born on August 8, 1898 in the village of Sidariai, Šiauliai county. The Buračas family apparently transmitted a creativity gene to all three brothers: Jonas, Balys, and Bronius. Jonas was the painter, Balys a famous photographer (the history of Lithuanian photography is closely ...

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Retracing Lithuania’s Steps Toward Independence

By GRAŽINA MINIOTAITĖ. The possibilities of glastnost (or “openness”) were first seized [in Lithuania] by intellectuals: writers, artists, and scholars. The circulation of literary magazines exploded; many at first concentrated on the exposure of Stalinist atrocities, but then proceeded to fundamental critiques of the socialist system. The first expressions of openness ...

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Vytautas Andrius Graičiūnas

Lithuanian-American Management Theorist and Aviation Hero by Henry L. Gaidis. Vytautas Andrius Graičiūnas is one of the most noted Lithuanians, famous for his contribution to management theory. He studied how many subordinates a manager can best supervise and came up with an equation that is still widely cited today, showing ...

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The Great war in Lithuania 1914 -1918

By Henry L. Gaidis This August commemorated the hundredth anniversary of the start of World War I, one of the bloodiest in history. During the four-year conflict, over nine million combat- ants and seven million civilians died, and the struggle resulted in the demise of several great nation- states. The ...

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THE BALTIC DISPLACED PERSON EXPERIENCE

By RIMAS ČERNIUS. “No Home To Go To” was developed by the Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture in collaboration with the Chicago Estonian House, the Latvian Folk Art Museum, and the Lithuanian Emigration Institute of Vytautas Magnus University in Kaunas, Lithuania. On August 24, 2014, the Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture ...

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Russia’s psychological warfare – battles without arms

By DR. STASYS BAČKAITIS. Last month representing the Lithuanian American Council as part of the Central and Eastern European Coalition (CEEC) delegation, I met in separate meetings with California Congressman Adam Schiff and Matthew Armstrong Governor of the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG). The purpose of the meetings was to address ...

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THE BALTIC WAY REMEMBERED

By Vitalis Zaikauskas. Angonita, who first came up with the idea of the Baltic Way? It is hard to give a definitive answer. In May of 1989 it was discussed at the Second Baltic Assembly. I believe that it may have been the Estonian delegation that first suggested the idea. But ...

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Vagabond of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: From Harems of Turkish Sultan to Captivity of Balkan Thief

People in the eighteenth-Century Grand Duchy of Lithuania travelled considerably, but the routes of their journeys were very much determined by the estate they belonged to and their social status. Peasants could only travel within the lands of their seigneur, occasionally visiting relatives owned by neighboring landlords. Petty nobility made ...

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God, Give Us Wings

An interview with author Felicia Prekeris Brown By Danutė Januta. seventy years have gone by since the great exodus of Lithuanians, Latvians, and estonians fleeing their countries during World War ii to escape the return of soviet occupiers. this period of history will be commemorated in the Balzekas Museum’s Baltic“dP”displaced ...

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